Classification of Electric Drives

Group Drives

Group Drive
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It consists of single machine which actuates several machines or mechanism by means of one or more line shaft. Hence this is also called "line shaft drive". This line shafts are connected to multi stepped pulleys and belts that connect this pulley and shaft of the driven machine, serves to vary their speed.

Group drive is economical in consideration for the cost of motor and control gear. A single motor of large capacity costs less than that of the total cost of number of small motors for same total capacity namely, a single motor of 100KW costs less than that of ten motors of 10KW each. Since all the motors may not operate on full load at the same time, the KW rating of motor of group drive is often less than the aggregate KW output rating of the individual motor and further cause reduction in cost.

Individual Drive

Individual Drive
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In individual drive an electric motor used for transmitting motion to various parts or mechanism belonging to single equipment. For example, such drive are used to rotate the spindle, moves the feed and with the help of gears imparts motion to lubricating and cooling pumps in lathe. In application, individual drive consist of motor which is specifically designed to form an integral part of the machine.

In individual drive, the energy is transmitted to different parts of same mechanism by means of mechanical parts like gear, pulley, etc. hence occurs some power loss.

Multimotor Drive

Multimotor Drive
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The multimotor drive consist of several individual motor which serve to one of many motions or mechanism in some production unit. For example, in travelling crane, there are three motors used. One for hoisting, other for long travel motion and third for cross travel motion. Such a drive is essential in complicated metal cutting machine, paper making machine, rolling mills, rotary printing machine, etc. The use of multimotor drive is expanding in modern industries due to their advantage outweighs increase in capital cost compared to the group drive.

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